Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico S.p.A. (RSE)
Description: RSE carries out research into the field of electrical energy with special focus on national strategic projects funded through the Fund for Research into Electrical Systems. It is an entirely publicly owned joint stock company, part of the GSE Group, and is supervised by the Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
RSE develops applied research in the electricity/energy sector and provides the Italian system with the expertise and know-how it has acquired from its extensive experience and the long tradition of research in Italy. The activity covers the entire supply system with an application-oriented, experimental and system-based approach. RSE has a unique heritage of human resources , experience and innovation, essential to the continuity and revival of innovation in this important sector for the country.
The company carries out research projects of general interest, with an essentially applicational and experimental slant. This research aims at developing new initiatives to provide concrete solutions to the needs expressed by stakeholders, the market and the general public.
RSE's research focuses on all aspects of the production system, central and local public administration, associations, groups of small and medium-sized enterprises, and consumer associations. RSE's strategic goal is to promote and encourage the growth of tomorrow's professionals, by supporting the training and education of young researchers according to their skills.
RSE is active in several international network and technology platforms as the European Industrial Initiatives on Electricity Grids (EEGI, GRID+ coordinator) and Wind Energy (EEWI), the Joint Programme of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) on Smart Grids (as JP Coordinator) and Storage, and Implementing Agreements of the International Energy Agency (ISGAN Chairman and ISGAN/SIRFN member). It is also active in the CEN-CENELEC-ETSI Smart Grid Coordination Group and in several IEC and CIGRE’ working groups. RSE has a noticeable experience in research and experiments on Smart Grids, DER characterization and integration in distribution networks. Among the others, RSE has coordinated the I3 project DERri, under the EC Research Infrastructures program.
Distributed Energy Resources Test Facility (DER-TF)
The facility is in operation since 2002 and extends over an area of about 20,000 m2; it is interconnected to the MV Grid by means of a 800 kVA dedicated transformer (23 kV/400 V) and has an overall capacity of 350 kW (active power) and 300 kVAr (reactive power). 6 employees are constantly directly involved in the DER-TF management, operation and testing.
Different types of DER generators are connected as PV Fields, , Wind Generator, Diesel Generator and natural gas CHPs (Internal Combustion Engines). The facility has an overall storage capability of about 230 kWh based on different storage technologies as Lithium, Flow (Redox), High temperature Nickel-Sodium and Lead (VLRA) batteries interconnected to the grid with dedicated converters. Resistive, Inductive and Capacitive Loads (overall capability of about 90 kW, 70 kWAr inductive and 150 kWAr capacitive are connected to the grid in order to simulate different typologies of actual users loads).
The microgrid is configurable (locally or remotely) at the interconnection board in order to obtain different grid topologies: radial grids and also meshed configurations. There’s also the opportunity to extend feeders till one kilometre. The microgrid is able to operate grid connected or in islanded mode thanks to specific droop control algorithms implemented in some converters.
The interconnection board (main bars and all feeders) and all the DERs are provided with electrical measure equipment, set up to collect and analyse the experimental data derived from the field test.
For the future further installation of DER as well as an enhancement of the DC microgrid is planned.
CPV Test Facility
Demand side Management Experimental House (DSM-EH)
DG Test Facility
Distributed Energy Resources Test Facility - Electric Vehicles research
PV Test Facility
- DIgSILENT Power Factory: grid simulation, voltage control
- Matlab (MatPower and other tools): load flow analysis and control systems, energy management tools, state estimator
- CIM: data models and communication layer
- IEEE 61850: DER representation, communication protocol definition and test (only for part of the test facility)
- Modbus TCPIP: communication with instrumentations and components
- CAN 2.0 part B and CANOpen: communication with battery BMS
Quality management/testing protocols: Laboratories are certified according to ISO9001:2008.
- Development, optimisation and testing of smart grid operation and control algorithms
- On grid and off grid (islanded) AC microgrid testing
- DC microgrd testing (including management and control algorithms)
- Characterisation and testing of generators and storage systems
- Innovative instrumentation and component testing
- AC/DC converters testing grid connected and in island operation
- Management of EV charching station: testing of charging control and management algorithms
- Domotical house management: testing of management and control strategies
last updated: 02.02.2017