ICT for Smart Grids
The RTDS installation at TU Delft consists of 8 racks with 10 PB5 and 36 3PC cards, capable of simulating grids in 2 µs and 50 µs step size.Additionally the racks have analog/digital I/O, remote I/O, two GTNetx2, and one GTSync card. The RTDS Simulator allows to test protection and con-trols in real time, where an hour in the real world equals an hour in the simulator. Utilizing modular custom computing hardware and software, simulations performed encompass results from DC up to electromagnetic transients. Inherently, these results include information regarding the system load flow and transient stability, as well as that of harmonics and faster disturbances.
The European Commission`s Joint Research Centre (JRC) has a significant activity in the field of photovoltaics, which takes place in the Renewable Energy unit of the Institute for Energy. A major feature is the European Solar Test Installation (ESTI), which is a European reference laboratory for the verification of the power and energy generation of photovoltaic devices. Within the SOPHIA project, JRC is leading the networking sub-task on energy prediction and participate in the joint research activity on module lifetime, as well as offering access to its facilities.
Jülich is an interdisciplinary, publicly funded research center with a staff of about 5.000 members working on the areas of health, energy and environment. One of the institutes at Jülich, the IEK5-Photovoltaik, concentrates its work on thin film silicon solar cells and related materials for several decades. Jülich Supercomputing Center JSC operates several high performance supercomputers. Access to on of these supercomputers is provided via Sophia trans national access.
INESC TEC is an Associated Laboratory coordinated by INESC Porto, a private nonprofit institution having as associates the University of Porto, INESC and the Polytechnic Institute of Porto. The activity at INESC TEC runs under the paradigm of the knowledge to value production chain: knowledge and results generated at basic research are typically injected in technology transfer projects and therefore they receive added social relevance. The existence of an Innovation and Technology Transfer Unit assures the effectiveness of this model.
The Institute of Power Engineering (IEn) is one of the largest institutes in Poland and Central Europe providing research in the field of energy technologies. The Institute is a modern state owned research and development center. The Institute covers a wide area of energy research from expert works for the power sector, to investigations of the most advanced technologies of energy generation, such as fuel cells, clean coal technologies and renewable energy sources. The advantage of the Institute is the experienced scientific, engineering and technical staff as well as numerous modern, sometimes unique laboratory facilities.
CREST was established in 1993, striving to be a national centre of excellence in the field of renewable energy system technology research. CREST is one of the leading providers in renewable energy education in Europe, operating courses on undergraduate as well as postgraduate level. Currently more than 350 students are registered on the various postgraduate courses on renewable energy systems technologies, which include a distance learning course. The applied photovoltaics research group will lead the participation in this.
R&D Nester (Centro de Investigação em Energia REN – State Grid, S.A.) is a research centre created through the partnership between REN (Redes Energéticas Nacionais), the Portuguese TSO, and State Grid Corporation of China, the Chinese TSO and DSO. As an energy research centre, R&D Nester’s mission is to provide an international platform for knowledge, delivering innovative solutions to be applied into energy systems; providing new tools, strategies and processes, well-tuned to the new energy paradigm, serving as a driving force towards more efficient and sustainable energy systems. R&D Nester main areas of research and expertise include: renewable energy management; smart grid technologies; power systems and communication systems simulation; power networks planning; power systems operation; energy markets and economics.
SINTEF Energy Research is part of the SINTEF Group, one of the largest non-profit research organizations in Northern Europe. SINTEF Energy Research is engaged in contract research in the national and international marketplace. Its R&D activities are focused on power production and energy converting, and also transmission and use of energy, including industrial processes and products, indoor climate and energy use in buildings. Issues concerning the deregulation of the electricity markets in Scandinavia and other parts of the world have for many years been a main activity. Contributions are also made to different energy related problems, which may arise onshore and offshore. These tasks range from system analysis to component and equipment assessments. SINTEF Energy Research has a staff of about 230 that ensures close co-operation between power engineering and mechanical engineering and focuses particularly on environmental issues. The institute has been a major actor on the energy research arena in the EU for many years.
The Institute of Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency and Energy Economics (ie3) is one of the leading German higher education institutes in the field of energy systems, energy efficiency and energy economy with the focus on electrical networks. The institute emerged out of the amalgamation of the Chair of Energy Systems and Energy Economy by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Rehtanz together with the RWE endowed professorship in Energy Efficiency and the related field of work of Prof. Dr.-Ing. Johanna Myrzik. Researches and studies solve technical and economic problems for a reliable and sustainable electricity system of the future.
As part of the Technical University of Dortmund, the institute receives public funding and has established cooperation with industry partners like RWE, Innogy, Amprion, Westnetz and PSI. The 1000m² lab is currently used by 40 employees of the institute and for the research activities a power range up to 160kW is available. In the years 2016 and 2017, large further expansions of the laboratory are planned.
TUBITAK is the major RTD agency of Turkey. Energy research is ongoing in TUBITAK Marmara. Research Center (MRC) Energy Institute. Research areas include: testing and modelling power plant control systems. evaluation of the user factor; measuring type of load. Evaluating the technical and economical feasibility of several distribution automation systems. analysing robustness of power systems; development of automation systems for production and distribution facilities; and determination of the criteria for the development of power systems.