Sandia National Laboratories/ the U. S.
Description: Sandia National Laboratories is operated and managed by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation. Sandia Corporation operates Sandia National Laboratories as a contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and supports numerous federal, state, and local government agencies, companies, and organizations.
As a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), Sandia may perform work for industry responding to certain types of federal government solicitations. The solicitation must allow FFRDC participation and meet the requirements of Sandia's management and operating contract with DOE/NNSA.
A strong science, technology, and engineering foundation enables Sandia's mission through a capable research staff working at the forefront of innovation, collaborative research with universities and companies, and discretionary research projects with significant potential impact.
Distributed Energy Technologies Laboratory (DETL)
The laboratory reaches a power range of 150kW for PV up to 600Vdc, 240kW for simulated PV up to 1000Vdc, 180kVA for the grid simulator, 225kW for the diesel genset and 1MW for the Energy Storage Test Pad. The facility is in operation since 1982 and is managed by five constant employees. For the future, an extension including a cyber-grid test platform is planned.
- OPAL-RT system
- Typhoon HIL
- Cybersecurity testing capabilities including Kali linux penetration testing platform, reconfigurable networking, emulated networking capabilities, Virtual machine capabilities.
- Extensive grid simulation capabilities with OpenDSS, PSLF, HyperSim
DETL is a research facility. Some of the research involves the following:
- Inverter tests for anti-islanding (autonomous methods and communication methods (PLCC, synchrophasor), voltage and frequency ride-throughs, and other safety and performance tests.
- Inverter experimentation for advanced grid-support functions (e.g., volt-var, frequency-watt, etc.) and inverter interoperability experiments using the SunSpec System Validation Platform.
- Energy Storage Performance and Interoperability.
- DER reliability experiments with a thermal chamber.
- PV system protection experiments, e.g., arc and ground fault experiments.
- Synchrophaser analysis.
SCADA Technologies and security/privacy regulations:
- SCADA Technologies: DETL has a Wonderware SCADA system and communicates to DERs and meters around the laboratory.
- Most important communication standards in the U.S.: IEEE 1815 (DNP3), IEEE 2030.5 (SEP 2)
- Most important communication protocols in the U.S.: IEEE 1815 (DNP3), IEEE 2030.5 (SEP 2), IEC 61850, OpenADR, SunSpec, SGIP Open Field Message Bus (OpenFMB)
- Most used broadband technologies to control SCADA systems in the U.S.: Dedicated fiber lines
- Most important standardisation organisation in the U.S.: IEEE, IEC, NEC
- Outstanding technology for next 10 years concerning smart grid/renewable energy, considered as most important: Smart interoperable inverters/DER
- Communication protocol, considered as most important in the future: IEC 61850, SunSpec
last updated: 03.02.2017